Baronial Investiture menu and recipes – 1st course

First Course

Jowtes of Almaund Mylke (Forme of Cury 89)
Take erbes; boile hem, hewe hem, and griynde hem smale. Take almaundus iblaunchede; grynde hem and drawe hem up with water.  Set hem on the fire and seeth the jowtes with the mylke, and caste theron sugur & salt, and serve it forth.

This is from Pleyn Delit.  I gathered nettles and chickweed locally and also used a bunch of parsley.  I didn’t make a strong enough almond milk, so it was a bit watery.

Bruet of Egges to Potage ( Ancient Cookery, From a Collection of the Ordinances and Requisitions for the government of the Royal Household made in Divers Reigns from King Edward III to Kingd William and Queen MaryArundel MS 344)
Take faire watur, and let hit boyle, then do therin butter and gobbettes of chese, and let hit set togedur; takes egges and wrynge hom thurgh a streynour, and bete hom well togedur, and medel hit wel with verjous, and do hit in the pot, but let hit not boyle, and do therto pouder, and serve hit forthe.

I based this on Stracciatella, normally made with stock, parmesan cheese and eggs.  I found cheap duck frames so I made duck stock the previous day and then boiled it and got my assistants to beat eggs and grated parmesan together before wisking them into the hot stock.  They added my homemade verjuice, salt and pepper to taste.  It was very popular and from the 20L I made, I brought only 2 litres home.

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Baronial Investiture menu and recipes – 2nd Course

2nd course

Boar’s head
I’ve written about the making of the boar’s head here.  I think we mucked up the timing for this one.  Next time I’ll cut up the spare head stuffing and serve it to the high table while we cut up the head. It was pretty tasty, although I’m not sure I would bother with the rabbits next time.  There were no leftovers.

This was based on a recipe in Peter Brear’s book, “All the King’s Cooks: The Tudor Kitchens of King Henry VIII at Hampton Court Palace”.  He says it’s from Murrell 1638, which I haven’t been able to find online.  The recipe is awesome and fabulous for pre-prep.

I boiled then very gently simmered all the 10kg of pork in 8 litres of white wine, water to cover, pepper and bay leaves.  When it was cooked (a bit more than 2 hours) I turned it off and left it to cool overnight.  Then I put it all into a 20L lidded bucket with a light brine (270mL salt to 10L water) and put it in the fridge until I was sure it was really cool.  Then I took it out and left it for 2 days.  At the feast we just had to pull it out of the brine and slice it.  It was delicious, flavoursome and moist.  There were no leftovers.

Pies de Parys (Mss Harl 4016)
Take and smyte faire buttes of porke and buttes of vele togidre, and put hit in a faire potte. And putte thereto fair broth and a quantite of wyne, and lete all boile togidre til hit be ynogh; and then take hit fro the fire and lete kele a litel, and cast thereto raw yolkes of eyren and poudre of gyngevere, sugre and salt, and mynced dates, reysyns of corence. Make then coffyns of feyre past, and do it therynne, and kevere it & lete bake ynogh.

I wanted to make the mince pies from the Tudor Monastery Farm Christmas special, but mostly I wanted to make pies without using pie tins AND I wanted to use the pie warmer in the kitchen to heat them.  I also wanted to pre-make them and keep them without refrigeration, so I used Del’s recipe.  It had the bonus that it uses chicken instead of pork, catering for one of my food “allergies”.

We made the pies a week before the event and next time I’ll be a bit more careful about measuring the salt in the pastry – some wasn’t easy to eat.  It was hard to get the pies to stand up, and I used this youtube video for pointers.  We  made the first coffins in a large batch then filled and lidded them, but it was VERY hard to get the lids to seal, even with flour and water paste.  Then we just filled and lidded them as we went and it was much better.  Unfortunately, I wasn’t happy with the seal on the majority of the pies after they were cooked, so we froze the pies for storage during the week.  These seemed to be eaten well, although some people didn’t eat the pastry (I don’t blame them).

Zervelat (Sabrina Welserin)
24 How one should make Zervelat [1]
First take four pounds of pork from the tender area of the leg and two pounds of bacon. Let this be finely chopped and add to it three ounces of salt, one pound of grated cheese, one and one half ounces of pepper and one and one half ounces of ginger. When it is chopped then knead the following into it, one and one half ounces cinnamon, one fourth ounce of cloves, one fourth ounce of nutmeg and one ounce of sugar. The sausage skins must be cleaned and subsequently colored yellow, for which one needs not quite one fourth ounce of saffron. Tie it up on both ends and pour in approximately one quart of fresh water. The entire amount of salt, ginger and pepper should not be added, taste it first and season it accordingly. It should be cooked about as long as to cook eggs. The seasoning and the salt must be put into it according to one’s own discretion, it must be tried first.

This was a pre-prep item which we froze in coils.  I put them in an esky on Friday night, but many of the bags were still frozen at cooking time.  We used the microwave to defrost them.  They were boiled in batches in a big pot outside and then moved to the outside bbq to fry to brown.  There were some leftovers, but the King mentioned them as particularly good.

Tardpolene, actually Torta (Libro de Arte Coquinaria)
Take good cheese with eight eggs and with some good pork or veal fat, or butter, some whole currents, ginger, cinnamon, a little grated bread, a little fatty stock made yellow with saffron, and prepare a torta following the recipe for torta biancha.

I need to make an admission.  I advertised this as tardpolene, but then I used a recipe for Italian Torta from “The Original Mediterranean Cuisine”,  It’s similar, but doesn’t have as much dried fruit and is easier to make – no food processor required to mince all that dried fruit.  Next time I would allow 300g of ricotta per tart.  There were no leftovers

Minces (Le Menagier de Paris)
Little cabbages called minces are eaten with raw herbs in vinegar, and if one has plenty, they are good trimmed, washed in hot water and cooked whole with a little water; and when they are cooked, add some salt and oil and serve drained. (Note; this seems to be a different translation from the link I found)

Brussel sprouts was a controversial decision, but allowing 2 per person, assuming that 50% of people wouldn’t like them so there would be 4 for the people who did, seems to be about right.  I think there were only 40 or so that came back to the kitchen.  We just boiled them and added olive oil and salt.  We didn’t add the herbs in vinegar.

Frytour of Pasternakes (Forme of Cury 154)
Take skyrwittes and pasternakes and apples, and perboile hem.  Make a btour of flour and ayren; cast therto ale and zest, safroun and salt. Wete hem in the batour and frye hem in oile or in grece; do therto almaund mylke, and serve it forth.

These were so popular!!  I deliberately cut the parsnips like chips, and used a pretty standard beer batter, omitting the eggs and saffron.  They took a long time to fry and mucked up the timing for the feast, waiting for them to all be cooked.  Next time we will be a bit cleverer about the oil, probably using a larger pot so it doesn’t cool down as much as each batch was added, or else two pots of oil.

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Baronial Investiture menu and recipes – 3rd course

3rd course

This course ran late and the previous course was so well received that we had a lot of food returned.

Roast Venison/Lamb with Cameline sauce

The Baron doesn’t like lamb and I really wanted to serve Frumenty, so I arranged to prepare venison for the high table.  The venison was very minimally cooked, it was basically seared on the BBQ and the inside warmed in the oven.  The lamb was roasted in the oven with rosemary.  We chose not to serve 50% of the lamb as we were aware that not much would be eaten.  I could/should have purchased less.   Also, we need to do more work with sauces for meat – not much of the sauce was eaten.

Frumenty (Diversa Servisia)
Nym clene wete and bray it in a morter wel, that the holys gon al of, and seyt yt til yt breste; and nem yt up and lat it kele. and nym fayre fresch broth and swete mylk of almondys or swete mylk of kyne and temper yt al. and nym the zolkys of eyryn and saffron and do therto. Boyle it a lityl and set yt adoun, and messe yt forthe wyth fat venysoun and fresch motoun.

I’ve been wanting to play with frumenty for a while so this was a good opportunity.  Due to a lack of stove space we heated it on the stove and then transferred the mix to slow cookers.  It seemed to work pretty well, but 4 slow cookers worth was about twice as much as we needed.  We made two batches of the dairy free (almond milk) and two of the cow’s milk (mylk of kyne).  The almond milk version didn’t absorb the liquid as well, and really needed the eggs to thicken it.  Next time I’ll put the meat and sauce over the frumenty rather than next to it.  In fact I’ll probably do a stew instead of roast.  Lots of this came back.

Almond tart (feast staple)
Mix almond meal, cream egg, sugar and rosewater (or orange blossom water) and put in a pie shell.
This has been in my repertoire for so long that I don’t know where it’s from.  It’s a good way to use up the almonds from the almond milk.  The dairy free version omits the cream and adds water to thin the mix.  I used fresh almonds for the dairy free.

Frytour of Pasternakes (as above, but with apples)
These were extremely popular.  We initially reduced the amount of apple we processed, but it became clear that people were waiting for more so we processed more apple.  They were dusted with cinnamon and sugar.  They had the same issues as the parsnip fritters in terms of timing and the oil cooling, although we added more oil for this batch of frying and things improved.

Carrots (staple)
Boiled, and the butter, honey and ginger poured over.  These were served from a bowl, rather than on a mess.  It meant people had more control over their serving size and I could take home unseasoned, cooked carrot rather than throwing carrots away because they had been on people’s plates.

Buttered Worts (Harley MS 4016)
Take al maner of good herbes that thou may gete, and do bi ham as is forsaid; putte hem on the fire with faire water; put therto clarefied buttu a gret quantite. Whan thei ben boyled ynogh, salt hem; lat none otemele come thereing. Dise brede small in disshes, and powre on the wortes, and serve hem forth.

I think this dish was abandoned.  But I’ve done it before and it was very well received.

Boiling coppers

I think that extant boiling coppers and rocket stoves have a lot in common.  Here’s the description of how boiling coppers/furnaces work from “Cooking and Dining in Medieval England” by Peter Brears (p155, 156):

line drawing showing furnace at Caernarfon Castle
Caernarfon Castle boiling furnace 1294 – c.1301 (from p.157 Cooking and Dining in Medieval England)

The actual furnaces have an almost hourglass section, the bottom half containing the burning logs and faggots in its combustion chamber. The flames were then constricted, to emerge as a strong, vertical blast directly under the convex base of the boiler mounted above, the bowl shaped upper section of the furnace keeping the flames just a few inches from the boiler’s sides, before the passed up the flue.


p.157 Cooking and Dining in Medieval England
Ashby de la Zouch boiling furnace 1474-83 (from p.157 Cooking and Dining in Medieval England)

The surviving furnaces at Warkworth, Ashby de la Zouch and a number other castles all adopt a common form, having a cylindrical interior with a ledge some 30 inches from ground level, an arched fireplace facing into the side of the adjacent hearth, and an enclosed space above, with a vent leading either to the open air or to the upper part of the main chimney.

Once a large pot and been suspended inside, and its rim sealed to the inner ledge with mortar and sheet lead, this type of furnace could be fired like a bread oven, burning faggots being thrust to the back of its firing chamber, so that the flames would pass beneath and around the pot, before emerging from the top of the fireplace arch and ascending the main chimney.  This ensured that as much of their heat as possible was transferred to the pot, rather than being lost to the open air.


Hampton Court Palace Boiler
Hampton Court Palace Boiler 1529 (from “The Taste of the Fire” p32)

In a later development, the fireplace was still located in the side-wall of the hearth, but the flames were now conducted backwards under the bottom of the boiler, around a baffle, and then forwards around both the upper sides of the boiler to a chimney directly above the fireplace.  This made for a much more efficient use of fuel, since the flame passed twice their former distance around the boiler.  This system was later used for most great boiling houses, including those at Hampton Court Palace.

The other place to work out period water heating technology is in brewing;

Boiling house and rocket stoves

One of the other things I am still working out how to include in the kitchen hearth is a boiling copper.

The Hampton Court kitchen has a boiling copper;

Meat stock and boiled meat were produced in the boiling house in a great boiling-copper which had a capacity of about 75 gallons. – link

boiling copper and oven

There’s also a boiling copper in the Tudor kitchen at Winkhurst, part of the Weald and Downland museum.

I can’t see where the chimney is but with only a minor modification I reckon that it would be straightforward to build a rocket stove below the pot, making a very fuel efficient, low smoke fire – just what you want when you’re keeping under the radar of the CFA.

It should also be pretty easy to make one for at Festival too.

It should also be pretty easy to incorporate a rocket stove and make a stove top like the ones at Hampton Court;

hampton court kitchen stoves


Here are my rocket stove links;

10 Principles of rocket stove design

Manual for rocket stoves.  Includes suggested dimensions of chamber and links to good slideshows of construction.

Manual for building an adobe rocket stove with a skirt to insert a pot

Youtube video showing the adobe technique – easy to watch

Second youtube using the rocket stove to heat a cob oven

Youtube showing internal details and long term usage issues when using the classic tin cans to build a rocket stove and oven.

Building a rocket stove with 24 bricks
this is the one that would be great to make at Festival and I might have a go at in the backyard too.


I just found this great listing of Fireplace design in a bunch of houses at the Weald and Downland museum.

Poplar cottage inglenook design

It includes a description of the Poplar Cottage inglenook, which I used as a basis for the kitchen.

Unfortunately, it includes the following;

We are not certain how the smoke escaped at the top: we have reconstructed the gable with a small triangle open at the top, but it is possible that there was a structure like the top of a chimney to allow the smoke to escape vertically.

Also, I wish I’d worked out how to include an oven in the design of the hearth, like the 15th C House from Walderton

The nice sized bell becomes a double bell